Aberystwyth District Amateur Swimming Club

Login FormClose

We have 33 guests and no members online

Galas FAQ


Click here to download our 'Gala Tips' Leaflet which will give you advice on what you'll need for a gala, what you should eat etc.  We recommend that every member reads this.

Q. What Competitions must ADASC swimmers enter?

All ADASC swimmers, from 'Beginner' squad up, are expected to enter the annual ADASC championships. This is the opportunity for you to compete with your team mates and gain valuable racing experience. All swimmers are also expected to represent the club at the annual Ceredigion Championships.     

In addition to these 2 galas swimmers it is desired that swimmers attend the Sub-Regionals (held usually at the end of the November) and if eligible the Regionals (held usually beginning of February).  These meets are important events in the Swim Calendar and the Club should be well represented.  The Headcoach will in most circumstances be in attendance.

Further to the aforementioned galas at periods throughout the swim year the Headcoach will identify 'taregtted' meets.  These are meets where good representation is expected. Keep an eye out for these.  They will be highlighted as targetted meets on the 'Forthcoming Events' page.

Q:  What are the different types of Galas?

Advice on the various galas can be found on the Gala Levels page.

Q. What does 'Licensed meet' mean?

Licensed Meets are Open Meets which have been sanctioned by the WASA as being either a Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 Meet. To be licensed the Meet organisers have to meet certain criteria imposed by the WASA. 

The Criteria include the following:

  • Pools used for licensed meets should be a minimum of 25 metres long.
  • Electronic timing must be used for Meets at level 1 and 2 and recommended for level 3.
  • Anti-turbulence lane lines, starting blocks and turning flags must be provided.
  • Adequate provision must be made for swimmers to warm up.
  • Ages shall be at the last day of the meet/series of meets.
  • A maximum of 7½ hours swimming can take place in any competition day.
  • The minimum requirements for officials at each Level of Meet.

Q. What are the benefits of competing in licensed meets?

The most obvious benefit of licensing is that all times recorded will be shown in the National Rankings. Consequently if a swimmer needs to prove a time for entry into a certain Meet he can do so by reference to the National Rankings which is open to everyone to see. This is particularly important for qualification into Regional or National Events where qualification can only be achieved at certain Levels of Meet e.g. for Regional events only times at Levels 1,2 or 3 Meets are acceptable.

Q. What does age on 31st December mean?

Most galas are run for swimmers of different age groups such as Under 12, Under 14, Under 16 and Open. If a gala is run on an 'age on 31st December' basis, it refers to how old the swimmer must be on the 31st December in the year of competition.  Thus under 12 on 31st December 2007, means no older than 11 on that date and so the swimmer must be born in or after 1996. Similarly, Under 11 on 31st December 2007 means no older than 10 and so the swimmer must be born in 1997 or later. Some events are 'age on the day' and this is self explanatory.

Q. What does U12, U14 U16, Open mean?

Most galas are run for swimmers of different age groups such as Under 12, Under 14, Under 16 and Open though some galas refer to 11/U (11& Under), 13/U (13&Under) 15/U (15&Under) and Open. Both mean the same thing.

Q. How do I find out what times I have achieved?

After each gala or club event, individual times and positions of each swimmer will be displayed on the Results section of this web site and can be downloaded.  Otherwise results are often available on the Swim Wales website.

Q. What is a PB?

PB stands for personal best. It is the best time an individual has achieved for a particular stroke at a given distance. The club does its best to record swimmers times and PBs though swimmers are encouraged to keep a log book if they can.

PBs in Licensed Meets are recorded on the National Rankings Database.  Each swimmer’s PBs on the rankings database can be accessed from this website's Squad Membership page by clicking on the name of the particular individual.   In addition a swimmer's ranking in their County, Region or Nationally can be found for each event on the British Swimming website. Click Here for the link to the current year's ranking on the British Swimming website.

Please remember that swimmers cannot get PBs every time they swim and sometimes they achieve significant PBs one week which they might not be beat for several competitions. This can be down to numerous things but for all swimmers there are troughs and plateaus as well as peaks and certainly the former should not be viewed as a lack of effort either in competition or training.

Q. What Times can I use for entry into Open Meets?

When filling in a form to enter an Open Meet one has to be careful to ensure that the time entered is a valid time. The first thing to note is the only time which is acceptable for most Meets is an official time. This is a time recorded at a Licensed Meet which is recorded in the National Rankings.

Times recorded by parents in the stands or even by the Coaches on poolside are not official times. 

Q. What does 'Short course' mean?

Events held in a 25m pool.

Q. What does 'Long course' mean?

Events held in a 50m pool.

Q. What is a Squadron/Cannon relay?

Usually the last race of a gala. A freestyle relay consisting of one swimmer from each age group or one swimmer of each sex from each age group. 

Q. What does Heat Declared Winner (HDW) mean?

If a gala states HDW, (Heat Declared Winner) this means there are no finals, Therefore if you have 30 swimmers competing in a 50 metre freestyle race the winner will be the swimmer with the fastest time regardless if the swimmer swam in the first or last heat.

At many meets including our Club Championships all the swimmers in a given event will swim in heats together regardless of age, starting usually with slowest in the first heat and the fastest in the last heat. This does not mean that the 9 year olds are actually competing against 16 year olds or older as once all the heats are swum the swimmers times are sorted into the individual age groups and medals awarded accordingly. Where an event is Heat Declared Winner there are no Finals.

Q. What does 'sign in' mean?

The majority of galas require the swimmer to sign in once you have arrived at the pool. On arriving the swimmer should ask where the signing in desk is, check their name against the lists on the desk and sign, if your name is not on the list and should be see your coach immediately. If a swimmer does not sign in they will not be able to compete.

Q. My name is on a result list but has DQ by the side, what does this mean?

Unfortunately many competitive swimmers are DQ'd sometimes, this means disqualified. At the end of a pool will be time keepers, recording a final time achieved by the swimmer, by the side of the pool walking up and down are Judges. If a Judge feels that the swimmer has not touched properly performed a stroke incorrectly or false start i.e. entered the water before the starter gun/whistle this will result in a DQ. The fact of disqualification is usually indicated on results pages by annotating the result with 'DQ' or with a more specific disqualification code.

If a swimmer is disqualified then he will be given no time on the results. Any time recorded by the timekeeper will not be treated as an official time and cannot be used as a qualifying time for any event. This a bit akin to goal in Football being disallowed for offside in that although the ball crossed the line no goal is counted in the actual score.

Q. What does DNC or DNF mean?

A swimmers name at the bottom of a result sheet with DNC or DNF next to to it, this will mean that the swimmer DNC (Did Not Compete) or DNF (Did Not Finish).